Specialist in Politics and International Relations. A retired officer of the Venezuelan Navy, after ordering the crew that commanded not to use the expression “Patria, Socialismo o Muerte” for contravening military doctrine. Master in International Relations, specialization in International Law and Politics, and Diploma in Economics, from the Central University of Venezuela. International political speaker. Compol 100 Awards 2018 and Democracy Award 2019 from the Washington Academy of Political Arts and Sciences. Author of the book Así se Exportó la Revolución.